What are shingles on a roof?

shingles on a roof

Quality roofing material

Shingle roofing is the outer layer you see from the street that protects your home from the environment and weather. A roofing shingle is typically made of asphalt and there are different degrees of quality. Asphalt shingles are dominant in North America for roofing options. .

The come in different colors and styles, some are a better made quality, but the basic manufacturing is the same, using a short list of shingle roofing details. What does go into the process of manufacturing asphalt shingle roofing product? 

  • Fiberglass – this is the reinforcement that consists of glass fibers cut into a specific length and diameter then bound together with binders and stable resins. It is then wound into a large roll ready to be part of the manufacturing process for asphalt shingle roofing material. 
  •  Asphalt – this is the water-resistant ingredient in shingles and is the end-product from oil refining, somewhat like road asphalt, but processed to a higher level of toughness needed to give asphalt shingle roofing the performance of protecting the structure it covers. It is oxidized with precisely the right amount of air blown through the hot asphalt to increase its thickness. 
  • The asphalt is mixed with fine mineral powder that increases its weather resistance and fire resistance. The final product of the asphalt is applied to the bottom and top of the fiberglass mat.
  • Granules – This is the part of the asphalt shingle roofing that are seen by the naked eye, the colorful, stylish part of this important component of a home. Certain physical properties of hard rock are crushed and screened to create an exact size of granules. These granules are applied to the asphalt-covered fiberglass sheets and then processed into various colors via ceramic firing. 

Some manufacturers of asphalt shingle roofing use an algae-resistant granule that protects it the product from blue-green algae discoloring the final piece. There is a reflective granule used in some manufacturing plants to increase the reflectiveness of the UV rays. 

Why do roofs need shingles?

Shingle roofing gives a home that finished look, decorative purpose for pitched and sloped roofing. It wouldn’t do much good to apply shingle roofing to a flat roof, it wouldn’t be visible!  Shingle roofing is a covering for rooftops, each shingle overlapping the next shingle, roofing the entire structure in this manner.   

There is also the protective part of shingle roofing against the climate, environment, and weather. Your home would fill up with rain, everything would be able to blow away, and there could be anything that got inside your home if it didn’t have a shingle roofing in place. 

Are shingle roofs good?

Yes, there are many shingle roofing benefits that make this a popular roofing choice, including they are durable and good.  The benefits that attract a homeowner’s attention: 

  • Affordability: This is the biggest benefit of asphalt shingle roofing. They are the least expensive method and can give home protection for up to 20 years with good maintenance and upkeep. 
  • Effectiveness: A durable material, even though there are other materials that are better in durability and long lifespan, they are also more expensive. 
  • Variety: There are many different options of colors and styles, whether you choose the fiberglass we’ve mentioned earlier or go with the organic style of asphalt shingle roofing. They are the basic asphalt shingle roofing material, the 3-tab shingle, and the architectural shingle, which is the more expensive of the three, and the most durable. 
  • Install Easy: Installing asphalt shingle roofing tile is easy for the trained roofing contractor.  A homeowner can learn the process quickly and over time get faster with the process.

Do you need underlay for roof shingles?

Depending on where you live and the building codes, underlayment for shingle roofing isn’t required. However, shingle manufacturers and contractors recommend this is not the place to cut corners. The underlayment is an important component that provides an extra layer of water penetration under the shingles. Think of underlayment as saran wrap for your roof! 

shingle roof house

How long do unused roofing shingles last?

In Theory, roofing shingles do not have a “shelf life” when left in bundles. However, a few shingles eft out will stiffen over time. If you’re planning on buying shingle roofing material while on sale and wait for shingle roofing installation at a later date, one year is the maximum recommended storage time. 

Okay – so shingle roofing is beneficial to your home and will provide a level of protection for your home and family. If you get a good deal on buying bundles of shingles, you can store them for one year without any problem. Can shingles be left outside? Not if you want them to stay good for use later!  Expert contractors recommend storing shingles in a cool dry place and on racks, not more than two high. Want to get started on a shingle roof? Call us today at __PHONE__!